Types of Burrs by Machining Process

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Burrs are not “one size fits all.” Burrs come in as many different types as there are machining processes and methods. Identifying burrs allows you to address not only removal processes but also the possibilities of preventing them from occurring in the first place. Examining the characteristics of the burrs will provide information that helps you find the best deburring solution.

This table provides some examples of burrs and their relation to specific machining processes.
Sugino Chart of Burrs by Machining Process
We can further break down cutting burrs into these subgroups:

Rollover Burrs
The most common type of burr, this is generally formed at exit, when the tool pushes/punches/pierces through and causes material to roll over the edge instead of shearing off.

Tear Burrs
Material tears or deforms instead of shearing off during machining.

Breakoff Burrs/Cut-off Burrs
Material falls off workpiece leaving a burr behind.

Poisson Burrs
The machined material bulges outwards when the tool is applied to the workpiece under a downward force. This burr can also occur on the edge of the workpiece when the tool removes a layer from the surface laterally.

Take a Look

The illustrations below provide visual representation of what how some of these burrs are formed, and what they may look like.

Burr Formation by Machining Process

Fig. 2. Burr formation mechanism (a) Poisson burr (considering the cutting tool as a cylinder); (b) Rollover burr; (c) Tear burr; (d) Cut-off burr. Source: Adapted from [4]. Source: Researchgate.net















Next week we’ll dig into how burrs are categorized. Combined, all this data on burrs can help you make the most informed choice when choosing a deburring method.

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